One fifth of Cuban
Lino Luben Pérez
TWO hundred fifty-three identified
special areas, including the country's most
important marine and terrestrial environments,
occupy close to 20% of Cuba's territory.
These include areas on the coastal
platform at a depth of up to 200 meters, according
to Maritza García García, director of the Protected
Areas National Center (CNAP), within the Ministry of
Science, Technology and the Environment.
Speaking with AIN, she added that
119 of these are administered by various entities
such as the Flora and Fauna National Enterprise
which manages some 50 areas across the island and
within territorial waters.
This group of protected areas covers
an area of more than 868,000 hectares and includes a
variety of ecosystems considered valuable given the
nature of their location, their features, fragility,
biodiversity and condition, according to the Flora
and Fauna website.
This enterprise is responsible for
areas surrounding the country's highest peaks on the
main island and the Isle of Youth, as well as the
most delicate coastal reefs, cays and barrier
islands, where staff is locally assigned to
administer the areas of national importance.
The national system of protected
areas was established to guarantee the long-term
survival of unique terrestrial and marine
environments, their protection and the conservation
of natural resources for careful use by current and
Special areas are classified in
categories as established by the International Union
for Conservation of Nature, which include
Natural Preserves, Ecological Preserves, Managed
Forests, National Parks, Outstanding Natural
Formations, Wildlife Refuges, Protected Natural
Landscapes and Resource Management Protected Areas.