for nuclear disarmament demanded at UN
Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
called for the total and general elimination of
nuclear weapons at the 68th session of the UN
In the first high-level meeting of
the General Assembly organized to discuss nuclear
disarmament, Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodríguez
Parrilla presented the position of CELAC, a 33-member
entity currently presided by Cuba as pro tempore
president, PL reported.
"We are calling on all states,
particularly those states which possess nuclear
weapons, to eliminate the function of nuclear
weapons in their doctrines, security policies and
military strategies," Rodríguez affirmed in the
forum, convened on the basis of a Cuban initiative
and supported by the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM).
This important meeting was also
inspired by the international movement led by
Comandante en Jefe Fidel Castro, who, on many
occasions, has warned against the threat to humanity’s
survival represented by the existence of nuclear
Rodríguez Parrilla confirmed that
the Latin America and Caribbean region gives the
highest priority to attaining complete and
verifiable nuclear disarmament. "The only guarantee
against the utilization or threat of utilization of
nuclear weapons is their total elimination."
He reaffirmed the inalienable right
of states to conduct research about the production
and peaceful use of nuclear energy without
discrimination, and rejected any improvements to
existing nuclear weapons or the development of new
versions of these weapons.
He emphasized that the declaration
of Latin America and the Caribbean as a Nuclear-Weapon-Free
Zone through the Tlatelolco Treaty is a motive of
pride for the region.
The Cuban Foreign Minister also
reiterated CELAC’s firm commitment to work on
convening an International High-Level Conference as
a means of identifying ways and methods of
eliminating them in the shortest possible time
Speaking on behalf of the Non-Aligned
Movement, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani presented
a road map which includes the prompt initiation of
negotiations for an agreement to prohibit the
possession, development, production, acquisition,
testing, storing and transfer of nuclear weapons.
The mechanism, he said, must prevent
the utilization and threat of utilization of these
means, as well as guaranteeing their destruction.
The road map of the Non-Aligned
Movement – a bloc which groups together 120 of the
193 UN countries – also designated September 26 as
the day of commitment renewal to the elimination of
these armaments, and the organization of a high-level
forum within the next five years to review progress.
Leaders of Mongolia, Nigeria,
Malaysia, Austria and Switzerland, among others,
agreed on the urgency of eliminating the threat to
humanity implied by nuclear weapons, on the basis of
the coordinated work of the international community.
During the opening of the one-day
forum, UN General Assembly President, John Ashe, and
UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, called for moving
toward the establishment of a planet without these